Launch of ‘Old Blarney’ Journal Issue 11
Blarney and District Historical Society Committee 23rd May 2018
Cllr. Kevin Conway deputised for Cllr. Declan Hurley Mayor of County of Cork
L to R: Brian Gabriel, John Mulcahy, Richard Forrest, Maureen Ahern, Agnes Hickey,
Chairman Richard Bolster, Liam O’Brien, Chris Synnott
Blarney and District Historical Society has reached yet another excellent objective with the launch of a new ‘Old Blarney’ Journal on Wednesday 23rd May 2018 at 8.00 p.m. in the Blarney Castle Hotel. This is the 11th issue in the Journal series and it is a really welcome addition to the collection. It contains 132 printed pages of articles and photographs, printed on high quality gloss paper and depicting life from an era no longer with us. These articles have captured the ways in which the people of Blarney & District once lived, died, worked and enjoyed themselves with the social changes which occurred over the years being very much evident in the collection.
Mr. Richard Bolster, Society Chairman, opened the function with a short speech during which he welcomed Cllr. Kevin Conway, Deputising for Cllr. Declan Hurley Mayor of County of Cork, invited guests, our own members, and the general public. Richard stated that; We, in the Society take enormous pride in the fact that, by producing our ‘Old Blarney’ Journal 11, we are continually contributing something new to the body of knowledge being amassed about our historic village.
The Chairman then introduced Cllr. Kevin Conway, a long-standing member of the Society who was Deputising for Cllr. Declan Hurley Mayor of the County of Cork, County, and invited him to say a few words about the occasion and its importance to the Blarney and District area. Cllr. Conway, who began his speech ‘as Gaeilge’ as it is ‘Bliain na Gaeilge 2018’ congratulated the Society on the production of yet another excellent edition which has added greatly to understanding life from an era now long gone and has captured the ways in which the people of Blarney & District once lived, worked and enjoyed themselves and the social changes which occurred during this time are very much evident in the articles. He wished the Society well in its future endeavours.
Thanking Cllr. Conway for his contribution and kind words about the Society and its work, the Chairman also thanked a number of people closely associated with the journal;
“Especially Ian and the Forrest Family of the Blarney Castle Hotel for again sponsoring the launch, making the Killowen Room available and supplying the refreshments. It is indeed very much appreciated. The Forrest Family have been doing this for the Society now for a number of years. They are a very supportive family of all things local and are fully deserving of local support in return. He then thanked the shopkeepers, businesses and media involved in the sale and publicity of these journals. He thanked the printers, Carrig Print of Carrigtwohill for once again providing a Journal of excellent high quality. He also thanked the members of Blarney/Macroom Municipal District of Cork County Council for the provision of a most welcome, and appreciated, Amenity Grant towards the constantly rising production costs of the Journal. He also thanked the Publications Committee, before inviting the Honorary Editor of ‘Old Blarney’, Mr. John Mulcahy, to say some words about this latest endeavour. John mentioned all the articles and their authors, highlighting the importance of collecting and publishing these priceless accounts of a time which is passing quickly from people’s memories. Stressing the importance of preserving memories of these places and people, he felt these articles would be of important social value for years to come. John then declared the ‘Old Blarney’ Journal to be officially launched.
Thanking John for officially launching the Journal, the Chairman invited the attendance to enjoy the refreshments and a very successful and pleasant evening followed. BG.
The History of Blarney United F.C.
Mr. Richard Forrest, local Blarney Librarian and committee member of the Blarney and District Historical Society, was the Guest Speaker for the monthly lecture on 3rd May 2018 at 8.00 p.m. in Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School). It was titled ‘The History of Blarney United F.C.’ and was excellently illustrated with many treasured pictures from the clubs archives and newspaper archives.
Introduced by the Society Chairman, Mr. Richard Bolster, to an audience of 45 people, (mostly soccer club members), Richard began by telling us that the soccer club was originally founded in relatively recent times, in 1949, but was disbanded again after a few short years. It was resurrected once again in 1967 and has had a meteoric rise to success, in all grades, over the years. Presently it maintains over twenty flourishing teams in all grades catering for both boys and girls as well as running a very successful academy.
Richard had done an in-depth study of the club and its success in various leagues and competitions as well as the local Square Leagues. The club is based in O’Shea Park at Riverview Estate and possesses a full size grass pitch with state of the art floodlights alongside a FIFA approved full sized floodlit all-weather pitch, both overlooked by an excellent clubhouse. Taking us through the history, Richard looked at some of the clubs star players and personalities, its social significance to the wider Blarney area and those stalwarts who have guided it through the years.
It was a hugely interesting, informative and sometimes amusing presentation. The question and answer session produced a great deal of interesting and amusing anecdotes from the club members. Richard was thanked for his presentation by our Chairman and was roundly applauded by the appreciative attendance. BG
J.C. Fitzmaurice and the Flight of the Bremen
In Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School), on the 12th April 2018, an audience of 38 people, made up from Blarney and District Historical Society members and visitors, sat totally engrossed as they listened to Mr. Liam O’Brien, our Guest Speaker, describe one of the most dramatic episodes of early trans-Atlantic flight. On 15th June 1919, Alcock and Brown made the first successful non-stop crossing of the Atlantic, West to East, in a converted Vickers Vimy twin engine bomber, making land near Clifden, Co. Galway.
On the 12th April 1928, exactly 90 years ago this month, an Irish aviation pioneer, Commandant J.C. Fitzmaurice, along with 2 German aviators, Captain Hermann Koehl and Baron Gunther von Huenefeld, became the first airmen to make a successful flight of the much more difficult East to West crossing from Baldonnel Aerodrome to Greenly Island, Newfoundland.
Liam told the fascinating story of this famous flight and what became of the now almost forgotten heroes and their famous single-engine Junkers w33 aeroplane, ‘The Bremen.’ It involved a secret flight from Berlin to Baldonnel, an extremely dangerous crossing of the Atlantic, many hours of navigating and flying blindly through snow-storms and fog, a hazardous landing on an ice-covered reservoir before being rescued from ice-bound Greenly Island. After this series of hair-raising events, the trio eventually arrived in New York, to tumultuous receptions and world-wide hero worship. While in America, they were feted and greeted by dignitaries, vast crowds and ticker-tape parades including being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross by the President of the United States. Fitzmaurice was promotedto Major by the Irish Government.
They received many other awards and accolades in America, Germany and Ireland. Baron von Huenefeld died in 1929, aged 37. Captain Koehl died in 1938, aged 50. J.C. Fitzmaurice, almost blind, died in Dublin in 1965, aged 67. Liam highlighted this very professional presentation with a marvellous collection of illustrations and clips from Pathé News-reels which captured the enormity of the undertaking and the discomfort of the three airmen on their epic journey. A short question and answer session followed, after which Liam was thanked by Chairman, Richard Bolster. An enthusiastic round of applause followed from the appreciative audience.
The Life and Times of Terence MacSwiney
Guest Speaker, Liam O’hUigín, of the Middle Parish History Society, brought the life story of Terence MacSwiney to the Blarney and District Historical Society with his illustrated lecture at Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School) on Thursday 12th March 2018. The talk had originally been scheduled for Thursday 5th March but in the interests of health and safety, due to the issuing of a Government Code Red snow and ice weather warning, the event was postponed for a week. The re-scheduled event was attended by 37 people who were introduced to Liam O’hUigín by Chairman of the Society, Richard Bolster.
Liam began by telling us that Terence MacSwiney was born on March 28th, 1879, and as a young man, developed a great interest in literature, the Irish language and the struggle for Irish independence. He joined the Gaelic League and helped found both the Cork branch of the Celtic Literary Society and the Cork Dramatic Society. He was one of the founders of the Cork Brigade of the Irish Volunteers in 1913, and was President of the Cork branch of Sinn Féin. The ‘failure’ of Cork to rise in 1916 haunted MacSwiney for the rest of his life. He was imprisoned in Frongoch internment camp in Wales and later in Reading Gaol for his part in the planning of 1916. Released from jail, he became Tomás MacCurtain’s second in command in the Cork Brigade of the I.R.A. In 1918, he was elected unopposed to the first Dáil Éireann as Sinn Féin representative for Mid Cork and was also elected to Cork Corporation.
After MacCurtain was murdered by R.I.C. and Black and Tans in March 1920, he became both Lord Mayor of Cork and Commandant of the Cork Brigade. On 12 August 1920, MacSwiney and other members of the Cork Brigade were arrested. MacSwiney was charged with the possession of a cipher key to coded messages used by the R.I.C. and three other counts of sedition. He was tried by court martial on 16 August 1920 and sentenced to two years’ imprisonment. He died on October 25, 1920, in Brixton Prison after 74 days on hunger strike and his funeral attracted one of the biggest crowds ever seen in Cork. He is buried in the Republican plot in St. Finbarr’s Cemetery, Cork.
This highly interesting lecture had many photographs illustrating MacSwiney’s life and Pathé News film clips of his funeral. The chairman thanked Liam for his presentation which received an enthusiastic round of applause. BG
The Forgotten Traditions of Skellicking Day Carnival
Guest Speaker Mr. Shane Lehane was accorded the now traditional warm, Blarney and District Historical Society, welcome when he was introduced by Mr. Richard Forrest, Acting Chairman, standing in for Mr. Richard Bolster who was unable to attend the monthly lecture on Thursday 1st February 2018. It was held at 8.00 p.m. in Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School) and was attended by thirty-eight people who braved a cold and damp evening to hear this excellent, illustrated presentation titled ‘The Forgotten Traditions of Skellicking Day Carnival’.
Shane is Course Director of Cultural and Heritage Studies in Coláiste Stiofáin Naofa, Cork and Lecturer in the Dept. of Folklore and Ethnology in University College Cork. We discovered the wild and wonderful rituals and customs observed on ‘Shrove Tuesday’; the last day of carnival before the onset of Lent, that were a major part of Irish life in years gone by. In particular, the period between Epiphany and Lent was the most traditional time for marriage and any eligible, yet unmarried men and women, were ridiculed and stigmatized on Shrove Tuesday.
His talk explored the infamous ‘Skellig Lists’ and associated activities that characterized this time of the year. Based on new research, utilizing a host of historical, visual and oral sources, which included video interviews with people from Cobh, Fermoy and Blarney who recalled their experiences as young people involved in the hitherto little-known folk ritual, still extant in Cobh and Blarney. Among the illustrations were some James Beale paintings which showed in great detail the various activities of the carnival. The lecture concludedwith an interesting question and answer session. Shane was thanked by the Chairman and received an enthusiastic round of applause for this hugely informative and interesting presentation. BG
Viking Treasure Hoards from Cork
Our Guest Speaker for 11th January 2018, Mr. John Sheehan, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Archaeology at U.C.C., discussed what became of the Viking Treasure Hoards from Cork, as he brought the interesting story of the Mid-Cork Vikings and their way of life to the Society this evening. John received a warm Blarney welcome when he was introduced to the audience of 32 people by the Chairperson of Blarney and District Historical Society, Mr. Richard Bolster. Richard also asked for a few moments silence to remember the late Angela Murphy, a staunch and hard-working Society member, who sadly passed away on December 30th 2017.
John began by laying down a background to the Viking presence in Ireland and the foundation of the five major Viking towns, namely, Limerick, Cork, Waterford, Wexford and Dublin between 914 and 922 A.D. Their buried hoards, numbering some 130, were being found throughout Ireland between 1740 and 2010, with the peak finds during the 1840’s and the 1970’s and 80’s. A number of important Viking silver hoards, especially those dating from the ninth and tenth centuries have been discovered in the 1840s in places such as Castlelohort at Cecilstown near Mallow, at Kilbarry (Killeens), Macroom Castle and at Dromgarriff near Glengarriff.
The last Cork item was located in 1860. Various types of coins, ingots and arm-rings and assorted plain rings were used as an important trading currency during the Viking period. John described in fascinating detail how the items were found, who got to keep them and then what ultimately became of the priceless artefacts. The paper was accompanied by a selection of excellent illustrations highlighting the various points being delivered. At the conclusion, John answered a number of questions from the floor and was thanked for this excellent informative lecture by the Chairman after which he was warmly applauded by the very appreciative audience. BG.
The Siege of Cork 1690
In spite of a cold and miserable weather forecast, an excellent gathering of 42 people attended the Blarney Secondary School (Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál) on Thursday 7th December 2017 to listen to our Guest Speaker for the evening, Mr. John Mulcahy, of our own Blarney and District Historical Society, deliver yet another of his outstanding illustrated lectures, titled ‘The Siege of Cork 1690’. Introduced by the Society Chairman, Mr. Richard Bolster, John was given a warm Blarney reception before he began with a short introduction about the genealogy of the two English Kings, Charles and James and the problems of the succession which would lead to the Battle of the Boyne.
After the Battle of the Boyne, William of Orange occupied Dublin and dispatched a force under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (then 1st Earl) who reached Cork by sea on 21 September 1690. His English forces were 5,000 strong and he also had at his disposal a fleet which blockaded the port of Cork. His forces took the forts (such as Elizabeth Fort) which commanded the hills around Cork and commenced a bombardment of the city from the heights to begin a siege which lasted less than a week. When a breach was opened in the city walls, the town’s garrison opened surrender negotiations but Marlborough refused the request. A few days later, the Williamites mounted a joint English-Danish assault of the breach from the south. This time the garrison surrendered their arms and stores and became prisoners.
Marlborough accepted the surrender but his troops sacked and looted the city, did a great deal of damage and abused the Catholic inhabitants. Many civilians were killed before order was restored. John brought to life the high and low points of this famous siege which eventually led to the ‘Flight of the Wild Geese’, a massive emigration of soldiers and their generals to various continental armies in 1691. John received a prolonged round of applause when he concluded this excellent presentation, which was followed by a short question and answer session. He was thanked by Chairman Richard Bolster. BG
Mud, Blood and Bravery – The Agony of Passchendaele 1917
The Battle of Passchendaele also known as Third Battle of Ypres, took place on the Western Front, lasting from 31 July to 10 November 1917 fought by the Allies against the German Empire. It was fought in unusually wet weather and the onset of winter.
Introduced by our Chairman, Richard Bolster, Guest Speaker for November, Mr. Gerry White, of the Cork Branch of the Western Front Association, related the hell that was Passchendaele to an audience of thirty six people at Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál on Thursday 2nd November 2017. The title of his presentation was ‘Mud. Blood and Bravery – The Agony of Passchendaele 1917. He told us of the background to the battle, the tactics and the generals. He described how the combination of a battlefield littered with shell hole craters and relentless rain led to a battlefield having the consistency of porridge. The holes in the earth filled with water, debris, and bodies, causing nearly everything to be coated with a slick layer of slime.
Despite the rain, contamination of the water supply led to massive dehydration and sickness amongst the troops on both sides during the long months of battle. Guns sank into the earth and troops drowned in the soft mud as they tried to charge the lines. Finally, after 16 weeks of fighting in conditions which varied from rain, mud, and slime, to hot and dry weather with great clouds of dust, the initial objective of Passchendaele Ridge had been gained at a cost of over half a million young men.
The town itself was destroyed completely. This lecture was illustrated to great effect by a series of superb photographs and short video clips depicting the carnage and mind-numbing slaughter of the battle. He then showed us the Menin Gate and Tyne Cot Memorials with their thousands of names. Gerry, in his usual professional manner, held the audience spell-bound and was roundly applauded for his presentation at the conclusion of a question and answer session.
Ordinary Women in Extraordinary Times
The second lecture of the 2017/2018 programme of events and lectures of the Blarney and District Historical Society took place on Thursday 5th October 2017 at Blarney Secondary School at 8.00 p.m. After welcoming the attendance, Chairman Richard Bolster, introduced our Guest Speaker for the evening Ms. Anne Twomey of the Shandon Area History Group who presented her paper titled: ‘Ordinary Women in Extraordinary Times’ – Cork Women in the Revolutionary Times of 1916 to 1923.
Anne was accompanied by four members from her Group and we had an audience of thirty-two people. The story of Cork Women in the Revolutionary Times of 1916 to 1923 concerns the extraordinary women of Cork City and suburbs who took an active part during this very troubled period of our history. Some of those who were mentioned by our Guest Speaker, included the Wallace sisters of St. Augustine Street., who were members of the Irish Citizen Army, Birdie Conway who was a founder of Cumann na mBan and a President of Shandon Branch.
Geraldine Sullivan carried explosives around the city. Kitty Daly took part in raids and ambushes. Emma Hourigan was a major campaigner and organiser who carried messages. The Duggan sisters spirited away men who were on the run. Nora O’Sullivan transported and hid weapons for the volunteers. The MacSwiney sisters toiled to achieve a Republic. Some other prominent names included Mary Bowles, Geraldine Neeson and Maighread Uí Luasa among the many brave and courageous women who undertook important and dangerous assignments.
We got a brilliant insight to the life and times of these incredibly brave women. Any one of these women was worthy of an entire lecture in her own right. It was very well illustrated with a good selection of images. Anne spoke for close on ninety minutes without pause and was thanked by the Chairman. She then received prolonged applause from a very impressed audience.
The Saga of the Muskerry Tram
On Thursday 21st September 2017 at 8.00 p.m. in Blarney Secondary School, the newly-elected Chairman of the Blarney and District Historical Society for the next two years, Mr. Richard Bolster, introduced the first lecture of the 2017/2018 programme of events and lectures.
Guest Speaker, Mr. Tim O’Brien, who is an acknowledged expert on the history of the ‘Muskerry Tram’, as the Cork and Muskerry Light Railway was affectionately known, received a warm Blarney welcome and then presented an illustrated lecture titled ‘The Saga of the Muskerry Tram’. This year is the 130th anniversary of the opening of the Cork to Blarney line on the 8th August 1887 and Tim’s latest compilation of extraordinary facts, anecdotes and pictures, many of which were never in the public domain before tonight, were eagerly absorbed by the audience of forty-two people.
Tim began by giving us the background to the formation and initial costs of the railway leading up to the turning of the first sod at St. Ann’s. He had many pictures of the terminus at Bishop’s Marsh on the Western Road, where the River Lee Hotel is now located. Locomotive No 4 was names ‘Blarney’ and ran from Western Road to Leemount, Kerry Pike, Coachford Junction, Tower Bridge and St. Ann’s stations before arriving at its destination at Blarney.
The Blarney Station building, now converted into a modern gift shop, as well as the original platform still remain. He told of the extension lines to Donoughmore and Coachford, various accidents and deaths on the line, the famous crash between a steam-roller and the train on the Carrigrohane Road and the damage caused to the line during the Civil War. The line sadly closed in December 1934 to great regret and its passing was remembered by several people recorded on film. Tim finished this excellent presentation by reciting the famous poem dedicated to the Muskerry Tram titled: Farewell to the Hook and Eye. Thanked by the Chairman, Tim received sustained applause.
The Story of Blarney Castle Gardens
An audience of sixty-one people attended at 8.00 p.m. on Wednesday 23rd August 2017 at the Church of the Resurrection, in Blarney village to hear Mr. Adam Whitbourn, the Head Gardener of Blarney Castle Estates, deliver an illustrated lecture on the fascinating history of the highly acclaimed, world famous, beautiful gardens located here in our own village, and they were not disappointed.
The lecture was titled ‘The History of Blarney Castle Gardens’ and was held as part of National Heritage Week. Introduced by Society Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien, Adam received a nice warm Blarney welcome. He has almost 20 years of experience as a professional gardener and has worked in gardens of all sizes and types acquiring a level of knowledge and expertise second to none. He also maintains his own highly successful ‘Garden Design’ business which is located in England.
He began by giving a short history of the gardens which make up more than 60 acres of beautifully maintained parkland, arboretums and waterways from their earliest days. Starting with the famous ‘Rock Close,’ he explained about the ‘follies’ such as the ‘Dolmen’, the ‘Standing Stones’, the ‘Wishing Steps’ and ‘Witch’s Kitchen’, all reckoned to have been in place since the 1750s and of course the modern-day Stone Circle known as the ‘Seven Sisters.’ Many members of flower clubs and serious gardeners were among the captivated attendance.
He spoke of the ‘Dry Bridge’ and the stories of the famous statues reputed to have been located through-out the grounds. Adam had a most splendid collection of power point photographs which high-lighted the colours of the many beautiful trees, shrubs and flowers in all their glory during the various seasons. Many of these trees are over 600 years old. He also has a selection of illustrations showing the development of the Mansion which was built in 1874, and its environs, through to the present day.
Other sections of the vast area include a ‘Poison Garden’ and a ‘Fern Garden’ containing over 80 varieties of ferns. ‘Arboretums’ containing many ancient Yew, Lime and Spanish Chestnut specimens, some of which are the largest in Ireland, are very popular with visitors. He also regularly travels across the globe collecting different varieties and species of trees, shrubs and plants.
There is a woodland walk which leads to the 21 acre Blarney Lake with its own resident family of swans and other wildlife. There is something to be seen all year round in this most wonderful, constantly changing environment. Adam, very generously, gave a lot of time to answering many questions from this enthusiastic audience. The Chairman thanked Adam for the excellent, informative lecture and especially the Rev. Robert Ferris, C. of I. Curate of the Church of the Resurrection, Blarney for the use of the church and facilities for tonight’s lecture.
Field Trip to Kilcrea Friary/Abbey
The Field Trip of Blarney and District Historical Society for 2017 was a much-anticipated visit to the site of Kilcrea Friary/Abbey, which is located in the Barony of Muskerry, on Thursday 8th June. The weather was very changeable with strong winds and heavy thundery showers but the twenty-eight souls who braved the elements and turned out to hear our speaker for this evening, Ms. Denise Sheehan, who explained the chequered history of this famous building, were not disappointed with the quality and content of the talk.
At 7.30 p.m., Society Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien, introduced Ms. Sheehan, Head Tutor at Department of Archaeology U.C.C., to the attendance. She began her presentation, outside the building by outlining the general history of the area before leading us into the Friary Nave followed by the Transept and the Choir where she informed us that this Franciscan Friary was built in 1465 by Cormac Láidir McCarthy, Lord of Muskerry, and is the burial place of its founder who was also responsible for building the castles at Kilcrea, Blarney and Dripsey. He was killed in 1494. It also contains the burial place of Art Ó Laoighaoire, who was killed in 1773, aged 27, for refusing to sell his horse for £5.
We then proceeded to the Sacristy and the Charter House and on to the Cloister. After this we went through to the Reception area and finally to the Kitchen/Cellar where Denise finished her talk at 9.15 p.m., after taking several questions from the audience. On the way around Denise also pointed out the unique, multi-windowed, sacristy and scriptorium, and the multi-windowed dormitory areas among many other decorations. Several other buildings that surround the Abbey are very well preserved.
Under the protection of the MacCarthys, Kilcrea Friary remained inhabited during the 16th-century dissolution of the monasteries, but the late-19th century saw the end of the Franciscan tradition in Kilcrea. The interior of the Friary now functions as a burial ground. Our Chairman thanked Denise for taking the time this evening to speak to our Society and sharing her excellent knowledge about this truly historical place. It was a hugely informative presentation which received well deserved applause.
Presentation of Journal to Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál
Launch of ‘Old Blarney’ – In Focus
On Wednesday 17th May, the Blarney and District Historical Society had the official launch of the 5th in its series of Photo Journals, entitled ‘Old Blarney’ – In Focus. The launch took place in the Blarney Castle Hotel. Here are some photos of the event.
May-Day Magic: Fairies, Witches and Dew-charms
This evenings paper began with an illustration of a chart displaying the seasons and the Feast-days associated with them. This was presented in Scoil Mhuire gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School) on Thursday 4th May 2017 at 8 p.m. It was the start of a hugely informative, illustrated talk, introduced by the Blarney and District Historical Society’s Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien. Titled May-Day Magic: Fairies, Witches and Dew-charms it was presented by our guest speaker, Dr. Jenny Butler, Lecturer in the Study of Religions at U.C.C. Since todays date is quite close to May Day (May 1st), the focus of Dr. Butler’s talk was on the fairies and the traditional celebration of the start of summer. This would bring in some legends of the Sídh (fairies) as well as historical (and continuing) customs. Who were the Sídh? Why do we still believe in and, sometimes, fear them?
Dr. Butler also discussed how the earliest May Day celebrations appeared in pre-Christian times. The day was a traditional summer holiday in many pre-Christian pagan cultures. While February 1st was the first day of spring, May 1st was the first day of summer. May is the Month of the Virgin Mary, when mainly white or yellow flowers were placed on home altars in her honour. It is also associated with the Gaelic word Bealtaine. Celts marked the 1st of May by lighting huge bonfires on hilltops throughout the country. It is also the day when farm animals are put out to pasture.
On this day spirits of the Otherworld mingled the mortals when they could be whisked away and a changeling left in their place. Spells were cast and hares seen milking cows turned into old ‘hags’ if they were killed. The first water taken from a well had great healing powers while if young maidens washed with the dew on the grass they were sure of great beauty. People did not like visitors to their home on this day, refusing to give anything to anybody as it was considered to be giving away a person’s luck. Jenny had many more fascinating tales and folk-lore on the amazing May-Day. An informative question and answer session followed the excellent presentation and our Chairman thanked the speaker. She received a well-deserved round of applause. BG
‘The Martin’-History of a Local River
An illustrated presentation titled ‘The Martin’-History of a Local River, was the focus of the talk this evening, Thursday 6th April 2017 which was attended by about 50 people. The River Martin originating at the Lyradane Mountain approximately half way between Mallow and Blarney, is close to eleven and a half miles long with a catchment area of some thirty-six and a half square miles. It runs in a North-west to South-east direction before it eventually joins the River Shournagh at the rear of Riverview Estate between Blarney and Tower.
Introduced by Mr. Liam O’Brien, Chairman of Blarney and District Historical Society, the guest speaker for this evening was Mr. Richard Forrest, a Committee member of the Society and Librarian in Blarney Branch of Cork County Library. Richard told us about its sixteen bridges, some of which were built in the late 1700’s. He told of its streams, such as, The Fiddler’s Brook, Lyradane Stream, Glencaume Stream, 6 Mile Water Stream, Ballymartin Stream and Knocknasuff Stream among several others.
He detailed much of the Flora and Fauna putting special emphasis on a Sedge Hybrid found growing in its only known location in Ireland. He also detailed the industries along or near the banks of The Martin highlighting the terrible pollution problems caused as waste from these plants was poured into the water. Once a hugely important fishing river with trout from 6 oz. up to 2 lbs. being regularly caught, the pollution caused many large-scale fish kills. Dead fish numbers in the high 70,000s were recorded several times. He discussed the wild-life, it’s folklore and its accidents as the river flows south on its interesting journey through the village of Blarney and the Castle grounds before it reaches the Shournagh River and then to the River Lee on its way to the sea in Cork Harbour. This impressive presentation contained many fine illustrations and was very well received by the audience. A short question and answer session followed before the Chairman thanked Richard and brought this very enjoyable presentation to a close. BG
Following the Footsteps of the Cork Fenians
The Fenian Rising of 1867 was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland, organized by the Irish Republican Brotherhood or Fenian Brotherhood which was founded in Dublin by James Stephens in 1858. He also proclaimed Ireland a republic.
‘Following the Footsteps of the Cork Fenians’ was the title of the monthly illustrated lecture presented by the Blarney and District Historical Society in Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál at 8 p.m. on Thursday 2nd March 2017, just three days short of the actual 150th Anniversary of the Fenian Rising.
Introduced by Society Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien, Guest Speaker John Mulcahy discussed the history, the noted participants involved and the causes for the ultimate failure of the Rising. In Cork, on the 5th March 1867, huge numbers of insurgents gathered at Fair Hill with the intention of proceeding to Limerick Junction, attacking and burning several police barracks on their way. They marched out via Blarney to Waterloo where they had refreshments in the local inn. Then on to Birch Hill, where they took some guns and ammunition from the Wyse family.
Onward then to Rathduff Rail Station where they tore up some tracks, cut wires and demolished part of the Railway Bridge. Marching on to Ballyknockane Police Barracks a gun fight took place with the police before the barracks was burned down. On the way back to Bottle Hill they were spotted by the Army and scattered but a small number were arrested.
Finally, to Carrignabhfear where they dispersed after hiding their weapons. They had only one casualty, a Eugene Geary, during the entire episode. Many of their number were arrested, tried by a Three Judge Court and transported to Van Diemen’s Land, Tasmania and Freemantle. Several other unsuccessful risings took place in various counties across the land such as Tipperary, Limerick and Dublin. A relative of one of the leaders Captain Mackey (William Francis Lomasney) was present in the audience. Following a question and answer session John received a well-deserved, sustained, round of applause for his presentation. BG
The Cycles of Time
Exploring Irish Folk Belief, ‘Piseogs’, Ritual and Custom
Piseoga or superstitions are still around in todays’ world. They spanned all of life from birth to burial with the banshee often warning of an imminent death in a family. Monday was not considered a good day to begin a project of any kind while getting one’s hair cut on this day was not considered a wise action either.
When did they begin and where did they come from? This evening, Thursday 2nd February 2017, guest speaker of Blarney and District Historical Society, Shane Lehane, introduced by Society Chairman Liam O’Brien, explained all as he took us back through the centuries to discover their origins and our rich heritage of folk beliefs, rituals and customs were examined in minute detail.
Shane is a noted Lecturer, Archaeologist, Folklorist and Historian who has been lecturing and teaching in the areas of Irish Cultural and Heritage Studies for over 25 years. He lectures in Coláiste Stiofáin Naofa and University College Cork. His paper was titled ‘The Cycles of Time’ – Exploring Irish Folk Belief, ‘Piseogs’, Ritual and Custom. It was excellently high-lighted with a huge number of impressive illustrations. Attendance was in the mid-thirties on a rather damp evening.
Shane began with a short introduction on Folklore and Ethnology and based his paper on the Daily, Yearly and Life Cycles and expanded this section with a description of the festivals and ceremonies associated with each season. Saints were well covered with an item on St Brigid’s Cross. February 1st was regarded as the first day of Spring and Saint Brigid regarded as its goddess. Saint Gobnait’s Day on February 11th produced more legends about her famous bees.
Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter seasons were all covered with items on Candlemas, Skilligs Day, Bealtaine, Butter, Fairies, St. John’s Eve, Pattern Days and much more. A short, interesting question and answer session wound up the evening. It was an overall impressive presentation warmly received and applauded at its conclusion. BG
Revolution on the Airwaves
1966: How the Broadcasting Media celebrated the 50th Anniversary of the 1916 Rising
The weather was cold and wet with the forecast for snow and ice on the evening of Tuesday 12th January 2017 when Blarney and District Historical Society hosted its monthly lecture in Scoil Mhuire Gan Smal (Blarney Secondary School.) This was to, unfortunately, result in a rather smaller than usual audience attending with people possibly preferring to remain in their homes by a nice warm fire rather than risk maybe travelling on icy roads and paths after the lecture. The guest speaker for this evening was Mr. Kieran Wyse of the Reference and Local Studies Department in Cork County Library Headquarters. It was his first visit to the Society and those who did manage to attend were certainly not disappointed with his illustrated presentation. It was titled: ‘Revolution on the Airwaves’ – 1966: How the Broadcasting Media celebrated the 50th Anniversary of the 1916 Rising.
In 1966 the broadcast media were at the forefront in celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the “Easter Rising”. Those celebrations were not unlike those that took place in 2016 but had to be choreographed rather differently because of the large number of participants in that event in 1966, which were still alive fifty years on from 1916. Introduced by Mr. Liam O’Brien, Chairman of the Society, Kieran told of how Radio and Telefís Eireann rose to that challenge by relaying not only scholarly lectures and reflections but also exciting television drama and some very popular rebel songs.
Among the lectures on the radio were ‘The Thomas Davis Lectures’, produced by Francis MacManus and F.X. Martin’s, ‘Leaders and Men of 1916’ while Bryan McMahon presented ‘Voices of The Rising’ and Sean MacReamon hosted ‘Golden Jubilee’.
Television covered the series ‘The Insurrection’, Andy O’Mahony presented ‘The Course of Irish History’ and Eamon Keane, brother of the writer John B. Keane, presented ‘The Long Winter’. In 1966 the music charts were completely taken over by balladeers and groups singing ‘Rebel Songs’. Some of these performers were one-hit wonders, such as, The Go Lucky Four who issued ‘Up went Nelson in Dublin’, The Ludlows had ‘The Sea Around Us’, The Johnnie Flynn Showband had ‘The Black and Tan Gun’, Dermot O’Brien had ‘The Merry Ploughboy’ and The Freedom Fighters had ‘Irish Rebel Songs.
The information just kept coming from Kieran who had an incredible knowledge of the programmes and events. A short question and answer session followed an excellent presentation which was roundly applauded. BG.
Christmas Tree Festival
Secretary of the Blarney and District Historical Society, Agnes Hickey, stands beside the Christmas Tree which was allocated to the Society for decorating for the Christmas Tree Festival held in the Church of the Resurrection, Blarney on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th of December 2016.
Based on a verse from The Bible, all the beautiful decorations on the tree were hand-made by Agnes herself who is to be complimented on her imagination and expertise when it comes to Arts and Crafts.
Historical Food Products in Ireland
Blarney and District Historical Society counts itself very fortunate in securing the services, once again, of the Speaker for this evenings illustrated paper, Dr. Liam Downey, Adjunct Professor in School of Archaeology U.C.D.& Former Director of Teagasc. He has spoken to the Society on a few occasions over the years and once again he was made very welcome by the appreciative audience on Thursday 1st December 2016 at 8.00 p.m. at Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School). The weather was chilly but the Library Room was pleasantly warm and those 27 souls brave enough to venture to the venue were rewarded by the quality of the content and by the impressive way it was presented.
Dr. Downey was introduced by our Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien, who thanked him for coming, especially as he had travelled directly from Dublin to be with us. The title of his paper was ‘Historical Food Products in Ireland.’ Dr. Liam Downey, a native of Cork, has been Director of four Irish organisations, most recent of which has been Teagasc. The other three were the T B Eradication Scheme, ACOT and An Foras Forbatha. He holds three Doctorates, a Ph.D. from Reading University, a D.Sc. from the National University of Ireland and an Honorary LL.D., also from the N.U.I. Since retiring, he has been involved in Foresight Studies for the Agri-Food industry and has published widely in Archaeology.
This evening, Dr. Downey presented a perspective of the main food products commonly eaten in Ireland from earlier times. The prehistoric origins of dairying in Ireland and its nutrition. Cereal and meat production and how the seasonal scarcity of food supplies affected the population. The staple food products that were the mainstay of the Irish diet from earliest times as Liam outlined could have provided the general population with all their nutrient requirements. Subject to episodic food shortages. The very informative talk lasted slightly over an hour but then Liam kindly spent another 30 minutes answering many questions from the appreciative audience.
Slaughter on the Somme
On 3rd of November 2016 at Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School), Chairman of the Blarney and District Historical Society, Mr. Liam O’Brien, was unable to be present at this evenings lecture but committee member Mr. Richard Forrest stood in for him and very ably took charge of the proceedings. He welcomed the audience and introduced the speaker for the evening, who received a very warm welcome, Mr. Gerry White of the Western Front Association (Cork Branch) who brought us the story of the terrible event titled ‘Slaughter on the Somme’. The carnage of the Battle of the Somme began on the 1st of July 1916 and lasted until November 18th, a date which marks the centenary of the end the biggest conflict seen on the Western Front during World War 1.
Gerry began his talk by listing the reasons for the conflict, followed by a display of the trench maps showing some parts of the trenches only 200 yards apart. He covered the recruiting campaign by Lord Kitchener and then details of the opposing armies and their commanders. On the first day of the battle 57,470 men had become casualties with 19,240 being killed. After 141 days of one of the bloodiest episodes in European and Irish history, the casualty list of over 1 million combatants from both sides surely defies understanding to this day.
7 Irishmen were awarded the Victoria Cross during the most futile and bloody battle ever fought in the history of war. Over 3,500 Irishmen lost their lives with many thousands more seriously injured or missing in action. Other notable Irishmen who fought were Willie Redmond, Emmet Dalton, and Tom Kettle. Gerry read Tom Kettle’s last poignant letter home before he was killed. He also had a film clip of actor, Charles Dance, reciting that famous war poem by Siegfried Sassoon, ‘Aftermath’.
We are very grateful to Gerry for taking the time this evening to speak to our Society and sharing his excellent knowledge of the Slaughter on the Somme. It was a hugely informative and very thought- provoking lecture with some stunning illustrations. A short question and answer session was followed by a well-deserved and sustained round of applause for an excellent presentation.
Images of Cork Leading up to the 1916 Rising
Mr. Michael Lenihan Michael Lenihan, best-selling author of ‘Hidden Cork’; ‘Pure Cork’ and ‘Timeless Cork ‘, three highly acclaimed publications portraying the city and its people from a now bygone era, was the Guest Speaker of the Blarney and District Historical Society’s lecture for Thursday 6th October 2016.
Michael delved into the rich tapestry of Cork history to reveal this unique collection of evocative pictures of life leading up to the 1916 Rising. Introduced by Chairman, Liam O’Brien, at our usual lecture venue in the study room of Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál (Blarney Secondary School) to an attendance of 23 people, Michael, who has given us several excellent lectures over the previous years, began this illustrated talk titled ‘Images of Cork Leading up to the 1916 Rising’, which lasted just over an hour’s duration.
The speaker’s enthusiasm for his city is reflected throughout this stunning tour of the history of Cork city, as if we were taking a walk through the city’s past. The images dated largely from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and brought to life the flow of time through the streets of Cork from the late 1880s to April 1916. He has amassed, over the years, a vast collection, a treasure trove, of Cork memorabilia such as ancient maps, early postcards, glass lantern slides, rare photographs and books, documents and receipts all pertaining to life in the city.
Photographs of streets, lanes and buildings now long demolished by the developer’s hammer, trains, trams and dockside ships, rich people, poor people and ‘shawlies’ brought a delight to the audience which gave him a well-deserved applause at the conclusion of this informative and stunning display.
Liam also congratulated committee member Richard Forrest who is also a local runner and librarian on having written and published an excellently researched new book titled; The Cork to Cobh Road Race. Every year, the Cork BHAA hold their annual Cork to Cobh 15 mile road race. This is one of the oldest races in Cork and has a long history stretching back to 1962.
Field trip to Independence Museum, Kilmurry
Blarney and District Historical Society presented a Field Trip to Independence Museum, Kilmurry, formerly known as the Terence MacSwiney Memorial Museum on Thursday 22nd September 2016.
This Field Trip was originally scheduled for Thursday 19th May 2016 but was postponed at the request of Mr. Noel Howard, Chairman of the Kilmurry Historical and Archaeological Association until now as the transfer of artefacts from the old Terence MacSwiney was not complete. Also the decorating of the building was not finished. It was certainly worth the wait.
The evening involved a guided tour of the beautifully designed and built new Museum. We had been here before to the old museum but it has greatly expanded its collections with many priceless and interesting donations since then and we felt it would be well worth a re-visit. We were not disappointed. Due to number restrictions of twenty-five for the museum tour, this Field Trip was confined to Blarney and District Historical Society members, of which twenty-one attended.
At 7.30 p.m.. our Chairman, Mr. Liam O’Brien, introduced Mr. Tony Murphy, Vice-Chairman, who welcomed us to Kilmurry and gave a very interesting and concise background to the history of the museum from its formation in 1955 to the official opening of the present beautiful, purpose designed building which by President Michael D. Higgins in August. Tony then handed us over to Mr. Michael Garvey who guided us through the museum rooms, explaining about the many priceless artefacts and answering many questions from our members during the visit which lasted until 9.45 p.m.
The Society made a donation to the Museum Fund which was gratefully accepted by Tony Murphy. The evening was brought to a close by Liam as he thanked the Kilmurry Historical and Archaeological Association for their welcome and hospitality to our Society. Feed-back from those who attended suggests it was a hugely informative and popular event.
Launch of ‘Old Blarney’ Issue No. 10
Some photos from the recent launch of ‘Old Blarney’ Issue No. 10 at the the Blarney Castle Hotel.
Presentation to Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál
Mr. Padraig Sheehan (L) Principal, Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál being presented with Issue No.10 ‘Old Blarney’ Journal for the School Library by Mr. Liam O’Brien, Chairman, Blarney and District Historical Society.